Communicable Disease

Communicable Disease

Clinic Information
Clatsop County Public Health has staff available to answer questions and investigate reportable communicable diseases. Call (503) 325-8500 for further information.

General Information about Communicable Diseases
Communicable diseases are those conditions that can be spread to others through air, touch, or contact with contaminated body fluids. Some of the most common communicable diseases are chlamydia, hepatitis A, B and C, giardia, salmonella, pertussis and campylobacter. Not only is it important to be treated for infection, it is necessary for the health department to track communicable diseases in order to ensure the safety of the community by seeking to prevent disease outbreaks.

Diseases that the health department keeps track of are called "reportable." All physicians, healthcare providers and laboratory personnel are required by law to submit reportable disease information to their local health department. There are currently more than 50 communicable diseases that are reportable in Oregon.

Clatsop County Public Health has staff that are responsible for preventing possible disease outbreaks and providing education to the public. When cases of communicable disease are found, a confidential investigation is conducted to determine the source of the infection. Some diseases are spread via talking, coughing, and sneezing while others are spread through contaminated water, food, blood, and/or sexual contact. All communicable diseases must be investigated thoroughly to prevent the spread of disease.

Disease reporting – "It's not just a good idea, it's the law"
All Oregon healthcare providers are required to report patients with the following conditions to their local health department. Reporting enables appropriate public health follow-up for patients, helps identify outbreaks, and provides a better understanding of Oregon morbidity (illness) patterns. Both lab-confirmed and clinical diagnoses are reportable within the time intervals specified below.

**All personal information is kept confidential when reports are made.**

Diseases to be reported immediately

  • Anthrax
  • Any cluster of illness
  • Any unusual case
  • Botulism (food borne)
  • Diphtheria
  • Outbreaks of food borne illness
  • Marine Intoxications (paralytic shellfish poisoning)
  • Plague
  • SARS

Diseases to be reported within 24 hours

  • Food borne illness
  • Haemophilus influenzae
  • Measles (rubeola)
  • Meningococcal disease
  • Pesticide poisoning
  • Polio
  • Rabies (human or animal)
  • Rubella
  • Vibrio(i) infection
  • West Nile Fever

Diseases to be reported within one working day

  • AIDS
  • Amebiasis
  • Animal bites
  • Any arthropod-borne infection
  • Botulism (infant)
  • Brucellosis
  • Campylobacteriosis
  • Chancroid
  • Chlamydia
  • Cryptosporidiosis
  • Cyclospora infection
  • Escherichia coli 0157 infections
  • Giardiasis
  • Gonorrhea
  • Hepatitis (A, B, C, D, E, other)
  • Legionellosis
  • Listeriosis
  • Lyme Disease
  • HIV infection
  • Malaria
  • Pertussis
  • Pesticide poisoning
  • Q fever
  • Salmonellosis (including typhoid)
  • Shigellosis
  • Syphilis (infectious)
  • Trichinosis
  • Tuberculosis
  • Tularemia
  • Yersiniosis

Diseases to be reportable within one week

  • Congenital rubella syndrome
  • Hantavirus
  • Lead poisoning
  • Leptospirosis
  • PID (acute, nongonococcal)
  • Q fever
  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever
  • Syphilis (non-infectious)
  • Taenia solium / cysticercosis
  • Tetanus

How to report a disease
To report a disease or animal bite, call Clatsop County Public Health at (503) 325-8500. Give the person's name, address, phone number, date of birth, diagnosis and the onset date of symptoms.